Most infections that you get while travelling are minor, but in rare cases, they can be severe and life threatening. Some common infections to be wary of are:
Keep Your Health Intact During Travel
- Infections associated with insects like malaria, dengue, yellow fever
- Traveller’s diarrhoea
- Infections associated with adventure sports like leptospirosis
- Infections associated with contaminated food and water like typhoid, cholera, hepatitis
- Parasitic infections associated with food, water and walking bare feet
- Exposure to TB
Things To Avoid During Travel
- Consult your physician prior to travel, to find out if any vaccinations are needed, depending upon the place you are visiting.
- Always carry commonly needed medications and the medications that you are using on an ongoing basis.
- Frequently clean your hands using soap and water or an alcohol-based cleanser.
- Avoid swimming in contaminated fresh-water rivers, streams, or lakes. Swimming in chlorinated pools however, is safe.
- Prevent insect bites: use insect repellant containing DEET (in at least 30 percent concentration) or picaridin, whenever you are outdoors.
- Wear trousers and long-sleeved shirts, particularly at dusk.
- Sleep only in screened areas.
- Avoid perfumes as they attract insects.
- Food and water hygiene: Undercooked or raw foods pose a significant risk for infection.
- Cooked food that has been allowed to cool
- Fruit that has not been washed
- Raw vegetables
- Unpasteurised dairy foods such as milk or cheese
- Ice in your drinks
If your symptoms don’t get better in 24 - 48 hours after following basic medical care, consult the closest available physician for further evaluation and treatment.