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July 2012
Measure Of Success:EQ vs IQ
Dr Sunil Bablu Pulla
 
Practise embracing your uniqueness and the uniqueness of others expressing your feelings and interpreting those of others and being decisive. They all boost your EQ. A heightened EQ can bring happiness because it lets you focus on feelings as well as facts.

Not many years ago, Intelligence Quotient or IQ was seen as a strong indicator of the level of success one could attain. The standard IQ test measured raw intelligence, including abilities such as logic and reasoning, reading, writing, analysing and research. However, it was soon proved that IQ could not predict academic and professional performances as once had been thought. There was another element involved – Emotional Intelligence, also known as EQ.

EQ measures a person’s understanding of emotions, the ability to empathise and work with others, and manage under stress. IQ seldom changes while EQ can change through self-discipline or a profound experience. Nonetheless, they function in tandem and are both important to personal development and success.
  • If IQ defines how smart you are, EQ determines how you use that blessing. Individuals with high EQs are better equipped to make use of their cognitive abilities.
  • They are often chosen for advancement in their professions or volunteer experiences because they possess the ability to inspire people to action and to make others feel more confident.
  • People with high IQs but low EQs sometimes sabotage themselves because they are unable to relate to their peers, cannot handle stress constructively, and find emotional connections difficult to maintain.
  • Developing your EQ can help you access your innate intelligence and amplify your empathy, which can lead to career advancement and better relationships.
Practise embracing your uniqueness and the uniqueness of others expressing your feelings and interpreting those of your friends and family, and being decisive - all of which can help boost your EQ. A heightened EQ can bring happiness because it lets you focus on feelings as well as facts, whereas IQ is concerned with logic.

A strong EQ also makes you more able to access the benefits of your IQ. Most of us have learned not to trust our emotions. We have been told emotions distort the more “accurate” information our intellect supplies. Even the term “emotional” has come to mean weak, out of control, and even childish. On the other hand, our abilities to memorise and problem-solve, to spell words and do mathematical calculations, are easily measured on written tests and slapped as grades on report cards.

Ultimately, these intellectual abilities dictate which college will accept us and which career paths we are advised to follow. However, IQ is usually less important in determining how successful we are than EQ. We all know people who are academically brilliant and yet are socially inept and unsuccessful. What they are missing is emotional intelligence.

5 Key Skills To Develop Your EQ
  • EQ skill 1: The ability to quickly reduce stress.
  • EQ skill 2: The ability to recognise and manage your emotions.
  • EQ skill 3: The ability to connect with others using nonverbal communication.
  • EQ skill 4: The ability to use humour and play to deal with challenges.
  • EQ skill 5: The ability to resolve conflicts positively and with confidence.
4 Core Abilities That Mark Your EQ
  • Self-awareness: The ability to recognise your own emotions and how they affect your thoughts and behaviour, know your strengths and weaknesses, and have self confidence.
  • Self-management: The ability to control impulsive feelings and behaviours, manage your emotions in healthy ways, take initiative, follow through on commitments, and adapt to changing circumstances.
  • Social awareness: The ability to understand the emotions, needs, and concerns of other people, pick up on emotional cues, feel comfortable socially, and recognise the power dynamics in a group or organization.
  • Relationship management: The ability to develop and maintain good relationships, communicate clearly, inspire and influence others, work well in a team, and manage conflict.
Dr Sunil Bablu Pulla is Consultant Cardiac Anaesthesiologist,Apollo Health City,Hyderabad.

    
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