|FAQs on Dealing with Asthma
|Dr Pradyut Waghray
||1. Who is likely to be more prone to asthma?
You may be prone to asthma if you
- Have asthmatics in the family
- Live in urban areas
- Areexposed to second hand smoke
- Had a low birth weight
2. What are the Dos and Don'ts for an asthmatic?
- Had a low birth weight
- Have other health problems
- Areexposed to irritants at work
DOs of Asthma:
Get frequent medical checkups to keep your asthma in control
- Follow a regular sleep cycle
- Make it a point to exercise (consult your doctor)
- Take morning walks, try yogasanas, especially pranayama
- Eata light and early dinner
- Keep your surroundings, especially the bedroom, clean and dust-free
- Take your medicines regularly as directed by your doctor
DON'Ts of Asthma:
3. What would be considered a safe diet for asthmatics?
- Strictly avoid smoking and drinking
- Donot take medication without your doctor's consent
- Donot overeat
- Avoid pets and flowers in your house as much as possible
- Avoid rugs or carpets in your Bedroom
4. What food groups are considered good for asthmatics?
- Avoid foods that are known to produce allergic reactions or which produce indigestion.
- Asthma attacks persons predisposed to the disease, especially at night. So asthmatics must eat a light dinner.
- Spicy, fried foods, chutneys, pickles, sweets and milk-products should be avoided, especially at dinner.
- Consume properly cleaned seasonal fruits and vegetables in abundance.
- Asthmatics lose a lot of water through fast and labored respiration, especially during an attack.
Therefore, drink a lot of water.
- Water should be avoided during meals as it dilutes the digestive juices and causes heaviness of the stomach.
Good Foods for Asthmatics
With Vitamin B6: Sweet potatoes, sunflower seeds, tuna, salmon, pork, potatoes, turkey, chicken, bok choy, rice, avocados, bananas, chick-peas, barley, mangoes.
- With Magnesium: Spinach, avocados, barley, almonds, buckwheat, oysters, chocolate, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, amaranth.
- With Quercetin: Cabbage, greens, cranberries, grapes, pears, apples, spinach, garlic, onions, grapefruit.
- With Vitamin C: Tangerines, kiwi, oranges, strawberries, pineapples.
- With Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Salmon, tuna, trout.
- Approximately 70% of people with asthma have allergies to substances in the environment that can be inhaled. The best way to manage asthma is to work with your doctor.
- Asthma can't be cured; however, working with your doctor to develop an asthma action plan helps you self manage your condition on a day-to-day basis.
||Dr Pradyut Waghray is Consultant Chest Physician, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine Specialist, Senior Consultant Pulmonologist, Apollo Health City, Hyderabad.