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Xerosis

 

Xerosis refers to abnormally dry skin.

Causes

  • Prolonged exposure to hot sun
  • Cold weather
  • Frequent bathing
  • Use of harsh soaps
  • Using very hot water for bathing
  • Aging
  • Certain medical conditions like atopic dermatitis, diabetes, hypothyroidism, etc.

Symptoms

  • Dry and scaly skin
  • Fine lines
  • Fine cracks
  • Redness
  • Itchiness

Treatment

  • Moisturizers
  • Topical steroids
  • Treatment of underlying condition

Prevention

  • Avoid bathing more than once a day
  • Avoid hot water for bathing
  • Avoid long baths
  • Avoid harsh and strongly perfumed soaps
  • Avoid rubbing the skin while drying
  • Moisturize the skin immediately after bath and whenever required
  • Drink a lot of water