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Varicose Veins

 

Varicose veins refer to swollen or enlarged veins, especially on the legs.

Causes

  • Defective valves in the veins
  • Heredity
  • Obesity
  • Prolonged standing
  • Abdominal straining
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Aging

Symptoms

  • Swollen or bulging veins
  • Pain and heaviness in the legs
  • Swollen ankle
  • Blue discoloration around the affected veins
  • Itchiness and dryness at the affected area

Treatment

  • Lifestyle changes like losing excess weight, elevating the legs, not crossing legs, avoiding prolonged standing, wearing compression stockings, etc.
  • Sclerotherapy by injecting a chemical to close the affected veins
  • Endovascular laser therapy to destroy the affected veins
  • Radiofrequency ablation to destroy the veins through heat
  • Surgery to tie or remove the affected veins

Prevention

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid constipation or other reasons for abdominal straining
  • Avoid crossing the legs