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Tetanus

 

Tetanus or lockjaw is a condition affecting the nervous system leading to spasms in the body.

Causes

  • Bacterium Clostridium tetani infecting a wound or break in the skin

Symptoms

  • Locked  jaw
  • Inability to swallow
  • Facial spasms that may spread to rest of the body
  • Stiff neck, shoulders or back
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Irritability

Treatment

Tetanus can lead to death if not treated. Treatment includes:

  • Antibiotics
  • Tetanus immune globulin

Prevention

  • Vaccination
  • Post exposure tetanus booster shot
  • Avoiding unsterilized needles
  • Keeping burns or wounds clean