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Testicular Cancer

 

Testicular cancer is the growth of malignant cells in the testicles.

Causes

Its causes are not known but some of the risk factors include:

  • Family history
  • Personal history of testicular cancer
  • Undescended testes
  • Klinefelter’s syndrome

Symptoms

  • Painless lump in the testicle
  • Pain or numbness in the testicle
  • Enlarged testicle
  • Fluid accumulation in the scrotum
  • Heavy sensation in the lower abdomen or groin
  • Lower back pain
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Breast tenderness or enlargement
  • Weakness

Treatment

  • Radical inguinal orchiectomy to remove the affected testicle and spermatic cord
  • Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection to remove the affected lymph nodes
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy

Prevention

There is no prevention for testicular cancer.