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Stress Incontinence

 

Stress incontinence is a condition where there is involuntarily leakage of urine during physical activity that exerts pressure on the bladder.

Causes

It is caused due to weakened pelvic muscles due to:

  • Aging
  • Childbirth
  • Lack of estrogen after menopause
  • Injury to the urethral area
  • Brain or neurological injury
  • Surgeries like prostatectomy

Symptoms

Symptom includes involuntary leakage of urine during activities like:

  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Laughing
  • Standing up
  • Running
  • Jumping

Treatment

  • Pelvic floor or Kegel exercises
  • Vaginal pessaries
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Surgery

Prevention

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Kegel exercises during and after pregnancy