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Stress

 

Stress is a condition caused as a result of physical, mental or emotional threat perceived by the human body.

Causes

Causes of stress can vary from person to person and can be innumerable. They include:

  • Health problems
  • Unsafe or uncomfortable  surroundings
  • Relationship demands
  • Demands at the work place
  • Financial pressure
  • Major or sudden transitions in life like marriage, divorce, death in the family, an accident and so on
  • Day to day problems like traffic snarls, arguments, pollution and so on

Symptoms

Symptoms can be as diverse and extensive as the causes. They include:

  • Tense muscles
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Body aches
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Digestive problems
  • Skin problems
  • Loss of appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Irritability
  • Distraction
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Restlessness
  • Fatigue

Treatment

  • Develop a positive attitude towards life
  • Asses the cause of stress and try to eliminate it
  • Share problems with someone trustworthy
  • Give ample rest to the body and mind
  • Follow relaxation techniques like meditation and deep breathing
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, tobacco and other stimulants
  • Manage time efficiently
  • Delegate work to others
  • Avoid taking up too many responsibilities
  • Get a body massage

Medical help may be required for stress that lasts too long. Certain medications may be prescribed along with other treatments.

Prevention

  • Create a support system of family and friends
  • Keep free time for yourself
  • Avoid over commitment
  • Prioritize your activities
  • Eat a balanced and healthy diet
  • Avoid suppressing emotions
  • Deal with situations that can not be changed
  • Accept that everything can not be perfect
  • Prepare yourself psychologically for possible stressful situations