Search
 Health Conditions A-Z » HC_S » Sprain   Login
  

  
  Health Conditions - S
 

Sprain

 

A sprain is stretching or tearing of ligaments (fibrous bands connecting the bones) due to sudden twisting or pulling of a joint.

Causes

  • Overextension of a ligament
  • Tearing of a ligament

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Loss of movement
  • Bruising
  • Inflammation 

Treatment

  • Resting
  • Applying ice pack
  • Supporting the joint with bandages
  • Keeping the sprained joint in  an elevated position
  • Anti inflammatory pain relieving medication
  • Pain killing creams or gels
  • Physiotherapy

Prevention

  • Regular exercise for increasing strength and flexibility of the ligaments
  • Warming up properly before strenuous physical activities
  • Maintaining healthy weight
  • Avoiding uneven surfaces while walking