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Sinusitis

 

Sinusitis means an inflammation of the sinuses (airspaces within the bones of the face) that occurs with a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. It can be acute lasting for 3 weeks or less or chronic lasting for 3 months or more.

Causes

  • Colds
  • Allergies
  • Nasal polyps
  • Deviated septum
  • Viral, bacterial or fungal infections
  • Infected tooth
  • Frequent swimming or diving

Symptoms

The symptoms of sinusitis usually follow a cold that does not improve:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Yellow or green nasal discharge
  • Headache
  •  Facial pain
  • Dental pain
  • Eye pain
  • Cough especially during night
  • Sore throat
  • Bad breath

Treatment

Treatment of sinusitis depends on the cause. If it’s a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be used to control the infection. Pain relievers and decongestants may also be used to relieve the symptoms

Surgery is done if these methods fail. It can be used to enlarge the sinuses for better flow of mucous, remove any obstruction such as polyps or correct causes like a deviated septum.