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Salmonellosis

 

Salmonellosis is an infection of the gastrointestinal tract causing diarrhea.

Causes

  • Salmonella bacteria
  • Infected meat, eggs or milk
  • Contaminated fruits and vegetables
  • Touching infected reptiles or rodents
  • Feces of an infected animal

Symptoms

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Diarrhea with blood or mucus
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Rash

Treatment
Mild infection in healthy individuals may not require treatment. In other cases, it includes;

  • IV fluids for rehydration
  • Antibiotics to fight infection

Prevention

  • Wash hands after visiting the toilet
  • Wash hands before handling and consuming food
  • Wash hands after handling animals, especially reptiles
  • Keep cooked and raw food separately
  • Store and cook eggs and meat appropriately
  • Wash fruits and vegetables before consumption
  • Boil raw milk before consumption