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Presbycusis

 

Presbycusis refers to gradual hearing loss due to old age.

Causes

  • Reduced blood supply to the ear because of atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, etc.
  • Prolonged exposure to loud noise
  • Certain medication
  • Heredity

Symptoms

  • Difficulty in understanding speech especially in background noise
  • Difficulty in distinguishing high pitched sounds
  • Tinnitus

Treatment

  • Speech-reading
  • Hearing aids
  • Assistive listening devices
  • Cochlear implants

Prevention
Presbycusis cannot be prevented always but following may reduce the risk:

  • Avoiding exposure to loud noise
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight