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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

 

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder in women.

Causes

Its causes are not clear.

Symptoms

  • Irregular, light or absent menstrual periods
  • Excessive facial and body hair
  • Hair loss
  • Deepening of voice
  • Obesity
  • Acne
  • Dandruff
  • Oily skin
  • Insulin resistance
  • Infertility
  • Depression

Treatment

There is no cure for PCOS but symptoms can be managed by:

  • Weight loss
  • Regular exercise
  • Balanced diet
  • Medication like birth control pills, clomiphene, flutamide or spironolactone

Prevention

Since the causes are not clear, there is no known way to prevent PCOS.