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Pneumonia

 

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs which causes inflammation and fluid collection in the alveoli (air sacs responsible for absorbing oxygen).

Causes

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Fungi
  • Parasites

Symptoms

  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Confusion especially in the elderly

Treatment

 Treatment of pneumonia depends on its cause. It may include:

  • Antibiotics for bacterial infection
  • Anti-viral medication is sometimes used for viral infection
  • Lots of rest and fluids are recommended for viral infections
  • Hospitalization may be required for people with severe symptoms

Prevention

  • Vaccines
  • Washing hands often
  • Avoiding smoking