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Pierre Robin Syndrome

 

Pierre Robin Syndrome is a congenital condition causing abnormally small lower jaw in babies.

Causes

The exact cause for this syndrome is not known but some possibilities are:

  • Certain other genetic syndromes
  • Inability of lower jaw to develop normally before birth

Symptoms

  • Small or retracted lower jaw
  • Cleft palate without cleft lip
  • Tongue that falls back obstructing the airway
  • Tongue that appears large for the jaw size

Treatment

In mild cases, the jaw grows to a normal size in the first few years. In other cases, treatment may include:

  • Tube through the nose to prevent airway blockage
  • Surgery to prevent airways obstruction
  • Tracheostomy to make a hole in the windpipe
  • Surgery to repair the cleft palate

Prevention

There is no known way to prevent this syndrome.