Pierre Robin Syndrome is a congenital condition causing abnormally small lower jaw in babies.
The exact cause for this syndrome is not known but some possibilities are:
- Certain other genetic syndromes
- Inability of lower jaw to develop normally before birth
- Small or retracted lower jaw
- Cleft palate without cleft lip
- Tongue that falls back obstructing the airway
- Tongue that appears large for the jaw size
In mild cases, the jaw grows to a normal size in the first few years. In other cases, treatment may include:
- Tube through the nose to prevent airway blockage
- Surgery to prevent airways obstruction
- Tracheostomy to make a hole in the windpipe
- Surgery to repair the cleft palate
There is no known way to prevent this syndrome.