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Peptic Ulcers

 

Peptic ulcers are open wounds that develop on the lining of the stomach, duodenum or esophagus.

Symptoms

  • Burning pain in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of weight
  • Chest pain
  • Belching
  • Vomiting blood
  • Dark bloody stools

Causes

  • Helicobacter pyroli
  • Regular use of pain killers
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

Treatment

  • Antibiotic medications
  • Acid blockers
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Cytoprotective agents
  • Surgery in severe cases

Prevention

Risk of developing peptic ulcers can be reduced by:

  • Avoiding excessive use of pain relievers
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Avoiding excessive alcohol
  • Avoiding foods that irritate the stomach
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle