Search
 Health Conditions A-Z » HC_P » Parkinson’s Disease   Login
  

  
  Health Conditions - P

 

Parkinson’s Disease

 

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive disorder of the central nervous system that impairs muscle control and coordination of the patient.
In Parkinson's, neurons that make a chemical called dopamine die or do not work properly. Dopamine normally sends signals that help coordinate one’s movements.

Causes

  • Death or improper working of brain cells producing dopamine (chemical responsible for coordinating movements)
  • Heredity
  • Old age

Symptoms

  • Trembling limbs, jaw and face
  • Rigidity of muscles especially of the limbs and trunk
  • Slow movements
  • Poor balance and coordination
  • Low energy
  • Speaking softly or in a monotone
  • Memory problems
  • Constipation
  • Depression

Treatment

There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease but the symptoms can be managed by:

  • Medications
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Surgical therapy (deep brain stimulation)

Prevention

There is no prevention for this disease.