Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive disorder of the central nervous system that impairs muscle control and coordination of the patient.
In Parkinson's, neurons that make a chemical called dopamine die or do not work properly. Dopamine normally sends signals that help coordinate one’s movements.
- Death or improper working of brain cells producing dopamine (chemical responsible for coordinating movements)
- Old age
- Trembling limbs, jaw and face
- Rigidity of muscles especially of the limbs and trunk
- Slow movements
- Poor balance and coordination
- Low energy
- Speaking softly or in a monotone
- Memory problems
There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease but the symptoms can be managed by:
- Physical therapy
- Speech therapy
- Surgical therapy (deep brain stimulation)
There is no prevention for this disease.