Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder causing excessive daytime sleepiness.
Its causes are not clear.
- Sudden attacks of sleep, especially during day time
- Disturbed night sleep
- Cataplexy or temporary loss of muscle tone and control
- Sleep paralysis or temporary inability to talk or move during beginning or ending of sleep
- Hypnagogic hallucination or dream like experiences during ending or beginning of sleep
- Automatic behavior or doing activities without being aware of doing them
There is no cure for narcolepsy but symptoms can be managed by:
- Medications like stimulants, antidepressants and sodium oxybate
- Planned short naps during the day
- Avoiding alcohol and caffeine before sleeping
Since the causes are not clear, there is no known way to prevent narcolepsy.