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Myocarditis

 

Myocarditis is inflammation of the myocarditis or the heart muscle.

Causes

  • Infections like viral, bacterial, fungal etc.
  • Certain medical conditions and immune disorders like sarcoidosis, scleroderma, etc. 
  • Certain medication
  • Toxins
  • Allergic reactions
  • Radiation

Symptoms
Symptoms may not be present always. They include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • Joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Palpitation
  • Edema or fluid retention
  • Breathlessness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Sudden death

Treatment
Treatment depends on the cause and may involve:

  • Medication to fight infection, reduce swelling and treat heart failure
  • Diuretics to remove excess water
  • Pacemaker for abnormal heart beats
  • Heart transplant in severe cases

Prevention

  • Avoid and promptly treat infections
  • Practice safe sex
  • Maintain good hygiene