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Mitral Valve Prolapse

 

Mitral Valve Prolapse or Floppy Valve Syndrome is a condition where the mitral valve between the left atrium and left ventricle is unable to close properly during the contraction of the heart.

Causes
The causes are unknown but some of the risk factors are:

  • Heredity
  • Connective tissue disorders such as Marfan syndrome

Symptoms
Symptoms are usually not present. If present, they may include:

  • Palpitations
  • Missed heart beats
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Anxiety

Treatment
Treatment is not required in most cases but in severe cases it may include:

  • Medications such as aspirin, anticoagulants and beta blockers
  • Surgery to repair or replace mitral valve

Prevention
There is no way to prevent this syndrome.