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Metabolic Syndrome

 

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of medical conditions that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Causes
The exact causes are not known but major risk factors include:

  • Insulin resistance
  • Old age
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Genetics

Symptoms

  • Obesity especially around the waist
  • High blood pressure
  • Low level of HDL cholesterol
  • High level of triglycerides
  • Insulin resistance or increased fasting glucose

Treatment

  • Lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity, weight reduction, quitting smoking, etc.
  • Medications to lower blood pressure, control cholesterol and for effective usage of insulin in body
  • Aspirin therapy to prevent blood clots

Prevention

  • Maintaining healthy weight
  • Controlling cholesterol
  • Controlling blood pressure
  • Eating a balanced diet