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Meningitis

 

Meningitis is inflammation of meninges which are the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.

Causes

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Certain medical conditions
  • Certain medications

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Neck stiffness
  • Fever
  • Rashes
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to loud noises
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Drowsiness

Treatment
Treatment should begin at the earliest and includes:

  • Antibiotics for bacterial meningitis
  • Rest and plenty of fluids for viral meningitis
  • Pain killers
  • Corticosteroids to reduce pressure in the brain

Prevention

  • Vaccination