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Male Infertility

 

Male infertility is the inability in males to produce an offspring.

Causes

  • Lack or absence of sperms in semen
  • Abnormal chromosomes
  • Varicocele or enlarged veins in the scrotum
  • Infections such as prostatis, mumps, chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc.
  • Hypogonadism
  • Undescended testes
  • Hormonal abnormalities
  • Obstruction or absence of vas deferens
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Impotence
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol, tobacco or drugs
  • Injury or trauma
  • Overexposure to heat like in saunas and hot baths
  • Exposure to toxins
  • Cancer treatment

Symptoms

  • Inability to produce offspring despite unprotected intercourse

Treatment  

  • Hormone treatment for hormonal abnormalities
  • Medication for correcting impotence, etc.
  • Surgery for clearing blockage or varicocele etc.

Prevention

  • Avoid smoking and excessive drinking
  • Avoid drugs or medication that may cause infertility
  • Avoid overexposure to heat
  • Avoid exposure to chemicals
  • Avoid tight clothes around the genitals
  • Promptly treat STDs