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Malaria

 

Malaria is a disease transmitted by the bite of an infected anopheles mosquito that can be fatal if left untreated.

Causes

Malaria is caused by protozoan of the genus Plasmodium. There are five species of Plasmodium that can infect humans:

  • P. falciparum
  • P. malariae
  • P. ovale
  • P. vivax
  • P. knowlesi

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Shivering
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle ache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Convulsions
  • Coma or death in severe cases

Treatment
Treatment should be started early and includes:

  • Antimalarial drugs

Prevention

  • Mosquito nets
  • Mosquito repellents and sprays
  • Draining standing water
  • Keeping the surroundings clean
  • Prophylactic antimalarial drugs