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Liver Cancer

 

Liver cancer is an uncontrolled growth of malignant cells in the liver.

Causes
The causes are not clear but some of the common risk factors include:

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Hepatitis B and C infections
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Chronic liver diseases

Symptoms
Symptoms may not be present in the initial stages. In the later stages they include:

  • Abdominal pain especially on the right side
  • Bloating
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Appetite loss
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice
  • Fever

Treatment
Liver cancer can be cured only if detected early. Treatment depends on the patient and stage of cancer. It may include:

  • Surgery to remove the affected part of the liver
  • Liver transplant when cancer has not spread beyond the liver
  • Chemotherapy to shrink the tumor
  • Hyperthermia  therapy to kill cancer cells through heat
  • Cryotherapy to kill cancer cells through extreme cold temperature

Prevention
There is no way to prevent liver cancer but risk can be reduced by avoiding the risk factors.