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Lead Poisoning

 

Lead poisoning is a condition where level of lead in blood is more than what is safe for the body.

Causes

  • Lead based paints on the walls and other products
  • Lead in pipes or faucets used for water supply
  • Lead in gasoline
  • Lead dust from contaminated soil
  • Lead soldering for sealing canned food
  • Lead crystal
  • Lead glazed pottery

Symptoms
Severity of symptoms varies according to extent of poisoning. Symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Metal taste in mouth
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Lethargy or hyperactivity
  • Seizures
  • Anemia
  • Muscular weakness
  • Kidney problems
  • Hearing problems
  • Reduced cognitive abilities
  • Death in severe cases

Treatment
In case of mild poisoning, body will eliminate lead gradually on its own. Treatment may include:

  • Avoiding the source of lead poisoning
  • Chelation to bind the lead to help the body to eliminate it

Prevention

  • Wash hands before meals
  • Clean floors and furniture with wet mops
  • Consume food high in iron and calcium
  • Run cold water in the faucet for a minute before using it
  • Avoid products containing lead