Search
 Health Conditions A-Z » HC_J » Juvenile Diabetes   Login
  

  
 Health Conditions - J
 

Juvenile Diabetes

 

Juvenile diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. It is a life long condition where the body’s immune system destroys the insulin producing cells in the pancreas causing little or no production of insulin. This leads to increased blood sugar levels.

Causes
 The exact cause is not yet known but it is believed that factors like:

  • Genetics
  • Viruses
  • Environment
  • Autoimmune

May be responsible for developing type 1 diabetes.

Symptoms
Symptoms may develop suddenly and can include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • Dry or itchy skin

Treatment
Diabetes cannot be cured, but sugar levels in the blood need to be controlled through treatment which may include:

  • Use of insulin( usually through injections or pumps)
  • Diet with  a controlled amount of  carbohydrates
  • Regular exercise
  • Weight control

In some severe cases, pancreas transplant is required though it is recommended in rare cases due to its severe side effects.

Prevention
There is no prevention for juvenile diabetes.