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Insomnia

 

Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which it is difficult to get or maintain sleep.

Causes

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Excessive caffeine or alcohol
  • Excessive use of sleeping pills
  • Changes in work shifts
  • Pain from medical problems such as arthritis
  • Certain medical conditions
  • Worrying about not getting sleep
  • Environmental factors like noise, light or temperature

Symptoms

  • Difficulty getting sleep at night
  • Waking up often during the night
  • Waking up very early and unable to fall asleep again
  • Not feeling refreshed after waking up
  • Feeling irritable during the day
  • Poor concentration

Treatment

  • Counseling can help in finding out the cause responsible for insomnia and curing the cause.
  • Lifestyle changes may include decreasing intake of stimulants like caffeine, nicotine, alcohol etc.
  • Behavioral therapy may be used for creating behavior and atmosphere conducive for  getting good sleep.
  • Medication to induce sleep can be used as a temporary measure.

Prevention

  • Avoiding stress
  • Avoiding caffeine
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Avoiding stimulants
  • Avoiding naps during the day
  • Increasing physical activities
  • Setting a fixed time for going to bed and getting up
  • Relaxing the mind and body before sleeping
  • Creating a comfortable sleeping environment