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Inguinal Hernia

 

Inguinal hernia is a condition in which a part of an internal organ in the abdominal cavity, usually small intestine, protrudes through a weak point in the inguinal canal.

Causes

  • Congenital defect
  • Overweight
  • Heavy lifting
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Chronic cough

Symptoms

  • Bulge on either or both sides of the groin
  • Bulge that appears on straining and may disappear on lying down
  • Discomfort or pressure in the groin
  • Pain
  • Nausea or vomiting

Treatment
Usually, treatment is surgical and may be done conventionally or laparoscopically:

  • Herniorrhaphy to push the protruding organ back in place and repair the weakness
  • Hernioplasty to repair the weakness by inserting a mesh

Prevention

  • Avoid straining during bowel movements
  • Avoid heavy lifting
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Avoid chronic cough