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Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)

 

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) or immune thrombocytopenic purpura is a bleeding disorder causing low platelet count and slower than normal clotting of blood.

Causes
Causes are unknown but are related to immune system producing antibodies against platelets.

Symptoms

  • Easy bruising
  • Tiny red or purple dots or petechiae on the skin
  • Nosebleeds
  • Bleeding gums
  • Heavy menstruation
  • Prolonged bleeding from wounds

Treatment
ITP in children usually gets cured on its own. Treatment in severe cases may include:

  • Steroids like prednisone to increase platelet count
  • Intravenous immunoglobulin
  • Anti RhD therapy for Rh+ve patients
  • Immunosuppressant drugs
  • Surgery to remove the spleen

Prevention
There is no way to prevent ITP.