Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) or immune thrombocytopenic purpura is a bleeding disorder causing low platelet count and slower than normal clotting of blood.
Causes are unknown but are related to immune system producing antibodies against platelets.
- Easy bruising
- Tiny red or purple dots or petechiae on the skin
- Bleeding gums
- Heavy menstruation
- Prolonged bleeding from wounds
ITP in children usually gets cured on its own. Treatment in severe cases may include:
- Steroids like prednisone to increase platelet count
- Intravenous immunoglobulin
- Anti RhD therapy for Rh+ve patients
- Immunosuppressant drugs
- Surgery to remove the spleen
There is no way to prevent ITP.