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Hypoparathyroidism

 

Hypoparathyroidism is a condition where there is a decreased production of parathyroid hormones leading to calcium and phosphorus imbalance.

Causes

  • Injury to parathyroid glands during surgery
  • Radioactive iodine treatment
  • Low magnesium blood levels
  • High blood pH
  • Congenital defects like absence of parathyroid glands
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Hereditary

Symptoms

  • Tingling in lips, fingers and toes
  • Muscle cramps and spasms
  • Pain in face, abdomen, legs and feet
  • Headaches
  • Painful menstruation
  • Dry hair and skin
  • Brittle nails  
  • Cataract
  • Malformed and weak teeth
  • Mood swings
  • Memory loss
  • Seizures

Treatment

  • Calcium and vitamin D3 supplements
  • Intravenous calcium in severe cases

Prevention
There is no way to prevent hypoparathyroidism.