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Hepatitis A

 

Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver which causes swelling in the liver and hinders its proper functioning.

Causes
It is caused by hepatitis A virus. It is transferred through orofecal route which means that it is transferred through water or food which is contaminated with fecal matter.

Symptoms
Symptoms are very non specific. Lots of patients can have symptoms like:

  • Body pain
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Not feeling well, just like in common viral infections

These symptoms last for a few days followed by loss of appetite, yellow colored urine and yellow colored eyes.

Treatment
There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A.

  • Rest,
  • Good diet,
  • Vitamins, and
  • Abstinence from liver damaging things like alcohol are recommended for a quick recovery.

If a patient is repeatedly vomiting or is not able to tolerate anything that is given orally, then s/he needs hospitalization and is given antibiotic and IV fluid till the symptom subsides. Otherwise there is no reason to take patient to the hospital if s/he is having known value acute hepatitis A.

Prevention
Maintaining hygiene is very important to prevent hepatitis A infection.

  • Avoiding unhygienic environments
  • Washing hands often
  • Drinking boiled or bottled water
  • Immunization right at childhood