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Hemolytic Anemia

 

Hemolytic anemia is a condition where red blood cells are destroyed prematurely or at a faster rate than that of their production, causing anemia.

Causes

  • Hereditary
  • Autoimmune response
  • Hypersplenism
  • Certain infections
  • Certain medications

Symptoms
Minor hemolytic anemia may not cause any symptoms, otherwise symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid heart rate or heart murmurs
  • Dark urine
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Pale skin
  • Jaundice

Treatment
Treatment varies according to the cause and may include:

  • Folic acid and iron supplements
  • Corticosteroids
  • Blood transfusion
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Blood and marrow stem cell transplants
  • Removal of spleen

Prevention
Hemolytic anemia can not be prevented.