Hemolytic anemia is a condition where red blood cells are destroyed prematurely or at a faster rate than that of their production, causing anemia.
- Autoimmune response
- Certain infections
- Certain medications
Minor hemolytic anemia may not cause any symptoms, otherwise symptoms may include:
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid heart rate or heart murmurs
- Dark urine
- Enlarged spleen
- Pale skin
Treatment varies according to the cause and may include:
- Folic acid and iron supplements
- Blood transfusion
- Blood and marrow stem cell transplants
- Removal of spleen
Hemolytic anemia can not be prevented.