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Heat Stroke

 

Heat stroke is a severe form of heat exhaustion causing an abnormal increase in body temperature which can be fatal if not treated immediately.

Causes

  • Prolonged exposure to high temperature
  • Over exercising

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Rapid pulse
  • Breathlessness
  • Absence of sweating
  • Red and hot skin
  • Pale or bluish skin
  • Convulsions
  • Chills
  • Coma

Treatment
Heat stroke is a medical emergency and requires immediate hospitalization. First aid may include:

  • Moving the person to a cool place
  • Removing clothing
  • Splashing cool but not very cold water on the body
  • Applying ice packs to head, underarms and groin
  • If conscious, then sips of water for oral rehydration

Prevention

  • Avoid stepping out in afternoons during peak summers
  • Avoid strenuous exercise during hot afternoons
  • Wear loose and light clothes during hot weather
  • Use hats or scarves while moving out in hot sun
Drink plenty of fluids during hot weather