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Heat Exhaustion

 

Heat exhaustion is condition that develops gradually due repeated exposure to high temperatures and can lead to heat stroke if not treated.

Causes

  • Prolonged exposure to hot temperatures
  • Loss of fluids and salts from the body
  • Old age causing inefficient sweat glands
  • Fever
  • Certain medications like diuretics, laxatives etc
  • Exercising in a hot environment

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Excessive sweating
  • Pale skin
  • Muscle cramps
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark colored urine

Treatment
In mild cases treatment can be given at home and may include:

  • Resting in a cool place
  • Drinking plenty of fluids and oral rehydration drinks
  • Taking a cold shower
  • Wearing light and loose clothes

Prevention

  • Avoid prolonged exposure to hot temperatures
  • Avoid alcohol or drinks containing caffeine during very hot weather
  • Avoid exercising in hot temperature
Avoid overdressing in hot weather