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Heart Murmurs

 

Heart murmurs are abnormal sounds produced during heart beat.

Causes
Heart murmurs are usually harmless but sometimes they can have a serious cause such as:

  • Narrow valves
  • Leaking valves
  • Septal holes
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Medical conditions such as thyrotoxicosis,  rheumatic fever, endocarditis, calcification or mitral valve prolapse

Symptoms
Harmless heart murmurs do not cause any symptoms. In some other cases symptoms may include:

  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Breathlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Fainting
  • Bluish color of the skin

Treatment
Harmless heart murmurs do not require any treatment. If some serious causes are there then treatment may include:

  • Treatment of underlying medical condition
  • Medication such as anticoagulants, diuretics, ACE inhibitors etc.
  • Surgery to repair valves or septal defects

Prevention
There is no way to prevent heart murmurs.