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Hearing Loss

 

Hearing loss is a partial or complete loss of ability to hear in one or both ears.

Causes

  • Heredity
  • Congenital defects
  • Ear infections
  • Repeated and prolonged exposure to loud noises
  • Wax build up
  • Foreign body stuck in the ear canal
  • Head injury
  • Perforated eardrum
  • Blocked eustachian tube
  • Certain medications
  • Certain medical conditions like meningitis, mumps etc
  • Old age

Symptoms

  • Sounds seeming muffled
  • Difficulty in understanding conversation
  • Need to hear sounds at high volume
  • Speaking loudly or very softly
  • Discharge from ears
  • Ringing sounds in the ears
  • Nausea or giddiness

Treatment
Treatment varies according to the type and severity of hearing loss. It may include:

  • Removal of ear wax or foreign body lodged in the ear
  • Medication to clear any existing infection
  • Hearing aids or cochlear implants to improve the hearing ability
  • Surgery to repair deformities

Prevention

  • Avoid ear infections
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to loud noise
  • Use ear plugs while involved in activities causing loud noises