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Hammer Toe

 

Hammer toe is a deformity of the toes other than the big toe causing them to bend downwards from the middle joint.

Causes

  • Heredity
  • Ill fitting shoes
  • Excessively high heels
  • Trauma to the toe
  • Flat feet
  • Certain medical conditions like arthritis, stroke, diabetes etc.

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Corns
  • Calluses

Treatment

  • Well fitting, roomy shoes
  • Physiotherapy
  • Orthotic devices
  • Splinting
  • NSAIDs
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • Surgery

Prevention

  • Wear well fitting and comfortable shoes
  • Avoid overuse of high heels