Search
 Health Conditions A-Z » HC_G » Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)   Login
  

  
 Health Conditions - G
 

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

 

Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is a condition where stomach acid and sometimes bile often back up in the esophagus or food pipe.

Causes 

  • Weak or relaxed lower esophageal sphincter muscle (LES)
  • Obesity
  • Poor posture
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Certain foods such as fatty foods, chocolates, caffeine etc
  • Eating large meals
  • Certain medical condition such as diabetes, hiatal hernia, delayed emptying of stomach etc.
  • Certain medications
  • Pregnancy

Symptoms

  • Frequent heartburns
  • Chest pain
  • Hoarseness
  • Dry cough
  • Reflux of food or sour stomach fluids
  • Trouble swallowing

Treatment

  • Lifestyle changes such as eating smaller meals, avoiding lying down immediately after eating, avoiding spicy and heavy meals, avoiding smoking and alcohol, etc
  • Medications to control the acid production
  • Rarely, surgery to repair the LES or hiatal hernia when other treatments are ineffective

Prevention

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating small meals
  • Avoiding fatty and spicy food
  • Not lying down or bending down immediately after eating
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Avoiding alcohol