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Gallbladder Cancer

 

Gall bladder cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the gall bladder.

Causes

Causes are usually not known but risk factors include:

  • Obesity
  • Gallstones
  • Cholecystitis
  • Polyps of gall bladder
  • Abnormalities of the bile duct
  • Calcium deposits on the wall of gallbladder
  • Heredity

Symptoms
Symptoms appear only at later stages and may include:

  • Upper right abdomen pain
  • Jaundice
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Intense itching

Treatment
Treatment varies according the stage of cancer and may be used to manage the symptoms when cancer cannot be cured. It includes:

  • Surgical removal of the gallbladder and other affected  areas
  • Radiation therapy to destroy cancerous cells with help of radiation
  • Chemotherapy to control the spread of cancer with help of medication
  • Stenting to aid bile flow by opening the blockage

Prevention
There is no known way to prevent gallbladder cancer.