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Food Poisoning

 

Food poisoning is usually a mild condition caused by consuming food contaminated with bacteria, viruses or toxins.

Causes

  • Unhygienically handled food
  • Improperly cooked food
  • Incorrectly stored food
  • Naturally toxic foods
  • Pesticides and chemicals in food

Symptoms

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Weakness

Treatment

Food poisoning usually gets cured on its own and treatment is not required. Care should be taken to avoid dehydration due to vomiting and diarrhoea
In case of severe poisoning and other symptoms, medical attention is required. Medication and intravenous fluids may be given. Sometimes, emptying the stomach to remove toxins may also be required.

Prevention

  • Keeping hands, surfaces and utensils clean while cooking
  • Washing fruits and vegetables thoroughly
  • Consuming well cooked food
  • Promptly and correctly storing and refrigerating food
  • Avoiding stale and expired foods