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Flu or Influenza

 

It is a contagious respiratory infection caused by one of the three influenza viruses A, B and C.

Causes

  • Inhaling the air contaminated by talking, coughing or sneezing of infected people
  • Touching an object contaminated by the virus and then touching your mouth or nose


Symptoms

Symptoms of flu emerge suddenly and may cause a lot of weakness. These include:

  • Headache
  • Dry cough
  • Chills
  • Body aches
  • Fever (102-104)
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal congestion
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite

Treatment

  • Plenty of rest
  • Lots of fluids
  • Medications like paracetamol

Prevention

  • Yearly vaccination
  • Washing hands often
  • Avoiding exposure to infected people