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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

 

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a condition of life-long birth defects in babies due to consumption of alcohol by their mothers during pregnancy.

Causes

  • Prenatal exposure to alcohol

Symptoms

  • Low birth weight and height
  • Small head
  • Small eyes
  • Indistinct groove between nose and upper lip
  • Thin upper lip
  • Slow growth
  • Lack of coordination
  • Lack of social skills
  • Learning problems
  • Behavioral problems
  • Heart defects
  • Vision problems
  • Hearing problems
  • Epilepsy or seizures
  • Mental retardation

Treatment
There is no cure for this syndrome but symptoms can be managed by:

  • Counseling
  • Special education in special schools
  • Certain medications
  • Surgery to correct certain defects

Prevention

  • Avoiding alcohol consumption while planning to conceive and during pregnancy