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Fallen Arches

 

Fallen arches or flat feet is a condition where the arches of the feet become flat and touch the ground on standing.

Causes

  • Weak or injured posterior tibial tendon
  • Wear and tear of the tendons in the foot
  • Obesity
  • Certain conditions like arthritis, diabetes or bad circulation
  • Pregnancy
  • Heredity

Symptoms

  • Absence of foot arch on standing
  • Pain in the foot, inside of the ankle or lower leg
  • Swelling in the foot or ankle
  • Pronation or foot tilting towards the inside

Treatment
Flat feet without symptoms do not need treatment. Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms and may include:

  • Orthotics such as shoe inserts and heel wedges
  • Casts and braces
  • Physical therapy for strength and flexibility of the tendons and muscles
  • Anti inflammatory medication
  • Surgery to correct the position of the bones or to separate fused bones and to repair the tendon

Prevention

  • Avoid wearing high heels for prolonged periods of time
  • Avoid excessive stress on the feet and ankles
  • Maintain a healthy weight