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Epilepsy

 

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that causes abnormal transmission of electrical signals within the brain leading to recurrent seizures.

Causes

  • Heredity
  • Brain injuries
  • Abnormal brain development
  • Birth injuries
  • Low blood sugar or sodium
  • Toxic chemicals or drugs
  • Stroke
  • Tumor

Symptoms

  • Unconsciousness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Jerking
  • Uncontrolled movements
  • Muscle stiffening
  • Confusion
  • Staring spells
  • Incontinence

Treatment

  • Medication
  • Surgery
  • Vagal nerve stimulation

Prevention

  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid stress
  • Avoid triggers such as flashing lights
  • Sleep well
  • Follow diet recommended by the physician
  • Take the medications regularly