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Eisenmenger’s Syndrome

 

Eisenmenger’s syndrome is a condition where extra blood flow to the lungs due to left to right shunt causes pulmonary hypertension, leading to reversal of the shunt and deoxygenated blood flowing into the body.

Causes

  • Untreated congenital heart defects causing a hole between the two chambers of the heart

Symptoms

  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • High red blood cell count
  • Irregular heart rhythms
  • Heart failure
  • Blood in cough
  • Breathlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Blueness of skin due to lack of oxygen

Treatment
Eisenmenger’s syndrome cannot be cured but treatment is given to reduce the symptoms and improve quality of life. It may include:

  • Early treatment or repair of the congenital heart defect
  • Medications such as vasodilators, diuretics, etc to reduce pulmonary hyertesion
  • Phlebotomy to reduce the blood pressure by removal of some blood
  • Heart-lung transplant

Prevention

  • Early correction of heart defects