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Ectopic Pregnancy

 

An ectopic pregnancy is a condition where a fertilized egg is implanted in a tissue outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.

Causes

  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Infections like gonorrhea or chlamydia
  • Endometriosis
  • Surgery of the fallopian tubes
  • Certain oral contraceptives
  • Certain intrauterine devices
  • Congenital defects of the fallopian tube
  • Tubal sterilization
  • Smoking

Symptoms

  • Sharp pain in the pelvis or abdomen
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain in the shoulder
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Low blood pressure

Treatment

  • Medication: Methotrexate to dissolve the pregnancy if detected early
  • Surgery: Laparoscopic or open surgery to remove the fetus and repair the damaged tissue

Prevention

  • Avoiding multiple partners
  • Avoiding STDs
  • Promptly treating any infection of the genitals