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Eclampsia

 

Eclampsia is a condition of seizures or coma unrelated to pre-existing or other brain disorders in pregnant women.

Causes
Causes are not clear but risk factors include:

  • First time pregnancy
  • Very young age of the pregnant woman
  • Multiple birth such as twins or triplets
  • Certain pre existing conditions such as hypertension, diabetes etc.
  • Heredity

Symptoms

  • Hypertension
  • Proteinuria
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headaches
  • Vision problems
  • Seizures
  • Frothing at the mouth
  • Biting the tongue
  • Loss of consciousness

Treatment

  • Anticonvulsants
  • Medications to reduce the blood pressure
  • Expediting delivery

Prevention

  • Regular antenatal checkups
  • Regular monitoring and  management of high blood pressure during pregnancy
  • Appropriate treatment for preeclampsia