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Dry Eye Syndrome

 

Dry eye syndrome is a condition of insufficient tear production or lubrication in the eyes.

Causes

  • Aging
  • Hot or dry climate
  • Air conditioning
  • Working on a computer for prolonged period of time
  • Contact lenses
  • Certain conditions like thyroid problems, diabetes, Parkinson’s etc.
  • Eye surgeries
  • Eyelid disease
  • Problems with tear producing glands
  • Hormonal changes
  • Certain medications

Symptoms

  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Irritation
  • Redness
  • Excessive tearing
  • Feeling of foreign particle in the eye
  • Stringy discharge

Treatment

  • Blinking frequently
  • Artificial tears
  • Eye ointments and gels
  • Punctual plugs to close the tear ducts
  • Surgery to close tear ducts

Prevention

  • Close and rest the eyes regularly
  • Avoid direct wind or sunlight
  • Use humidifiers during dry weather
  • Avoid smoking